Diastasis Recti. That’s Fancy for Abdominal Separation

Key Points

  1. Diastasis recti, or abdominal separation, commonly occurs post-pregnancy, particularly after multiple pregnancies
  2. Postnatal exercise offers numerous benefits, but it's crucial to consult with a doctor before starting any regimen, especially after a C-section
  3. Avoid crunching exercises, roll to your side when getting up, be cautious with front-loading baby carriers

So baby is born and you’re desperate to get you pre-baby body back! OK maybe not desperate but you appreciate there are loads of positive things about postnatal exercise and you’re ready to go! Before getting too excited it’s really important to get your doctors go-ahead first. Some women are OK to start exercising 4 weeks post birth but if you’ve had a C-section, 8-12 weeks is more commonly the norm – to give your body time to recovery from the surgery. So once you have your doctor’s approval, another important checkpoint is to assess whether you have experienced “diastasis recti” or the more easily pronounced: “abdominal separation”.

The Rectus Abdominus muscles run in two lines underneath the chest - all the way to the pubic bone. These are the muscles that sometimes present as a 6-pack!

In between the two sides of the Rectus Abdominus muscle, there is connective tissue called the Linea Alba. This tissue often becomes darkened during pregnancy and is the point at which the diastasis or splitting can occur to accommodate the growing baby.

Separations are quite common particularly after multiple pregnancies. And it’s important that you choose appropriate exercises to help decrease the severity of the separation. If you do not strengthen the abdominals with safe exercises you may find you experience elevated back pain, have difficultly getting rid of the ‘mummy tummy’ and less common but still likely; you may find your abdominal organs start to press out through the gap causing an abdominal herniation.

There are a couple of things you can do to ensure that you minimise the severity of an abdominal separation:

  • Firstly, no crunching exercises as they shorten the Rectus Abdominus and may widen the gap.
  • Always roll to your side when you get up from the floor or bed.
  • Avoid front loading baby carriers, as the Rectus Abdominus has to work hard to support the weight of the baby.
  • And finally, when lifting, always focus on your posture. Ensure that you lift your Pelvic Floor first, draw in you lower abdominals and bend at the knees and hips to keep your back straight while lifting. Also remember to exhale with every effort.

Your health practitioner will be able to check for abdominal separation however; you can also follow these simple steps to check for yourself. If there is any doubt however, do seek advice from a medical professional.

  • Lie on your back with the soles of your feet on the floor and your knees bent.
  • Place one hand just behind the head supporting your neck and place a finger of the other hand into the belly button, pressing in gently.
  • Now, slowly lift your head and shorten your torso as if you are going to do a slow abdominal curl.
  • Then run your finger down the middle of your stomach, along the Linea Alba, above and below the belly button from the breastbone (sternum) all the way down to just above the pubic bone.
  • You may find you can fit more than one finger in the gap…a finger width opening of one to two fingers is okay but any more than that indicates the need to see a specialist physiotherapist.

What ever state your abs may be in, our postnatal exercise videos have been designed with safe exercises in mind that should not contribute to any further separation. You can find them in our Guide to a Positive Labour and Birth course.

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