Unlike other mammals we do not have a precise gestation period. Normal labour can begin anywhere between 37 and 42 weeks gestation.
How labour starts is not really fully understood. It is believed that it is determined by a complex interaction of both mother and baby’s hormones.
During this phase the cervix begins to soften, move forward and efface or ‘thin out’. You may or may not have already had a ‘show’. This is the secreting of the mucous plug, which has been inside the neck of the cervix during pregnancy as a protective barrier. This looks like a brownish or bloodstained thick mucous.
When labour begins the pains that you feel can be like a dull, period-like pain in the lower part of your tummy. Or you may experience a dull ache in your lower back and sometimes even in the top of your thighs. It’s possible to feel only one of these or all of these symptoms. Contractions do feel different from the Braxton Hicks tightening’s you may have been experiencing. They are stronger, probably irregular at this stage and they last longer. For those of you who have not experienced period pain it is like a dull ache deep in the middle to lower part of your abdomen.
Sometimes it is hard to distinguish between pre-labour (also known as spurious labour) and true labour. As a midwife we need to assess all factors, including the frequency, strength and duration of your contractions. How painful they are on a scale of 1 to 10. Is this a first pregnancy? Is baby moving as she normally does, has everything been well throughout your pregnancy, and of course your due date. If you suspect you are in labour, or even if you are unsure, the best course of action is to call your hospital or caregiver – rather than immediately rush off to hospital. Ideally you should try and spend as much time at home as you can during the early phase of labour.
If at any time your suspect your waters have broken – which may feel like a slow trickle or a gush of fluid and you may even hear or feel a ‘pop’— put on a pad, make a note of the time and the colour of the fluid and call the hospital immediately. The midwife will ask you about the colour, if the baby moving, whether you have tested positive for Group B strep and depending on your responses, may bring you into hospital. If everything is normal however, she will encourage you to stay home and call back in a couple of hours.
During labour I always encourage women to eat and drink. I probably wouldn’t recommend you eat anything too heavy but what feels right to you. It is really important to keep yourself well nourished and hydrated to sustain you for the journey ahead.
Since early 2011, Australia has had a Paid Parental Leave scheme. This allows eligible working parents to get paid for up to 18 weeks when they take time off work to care for a new baby or recently adopted child.
Driving during pregnancy can present a unique set of risks - it pays to be as informed as possible about the facts.
Currently in Australia, there is no recommendation for pregnant women to stop driving. And it’s not illegal in any Australian State or Territory to drive during pregnancy. The same road rules apply to all drivers, pregnant or otherwise. But pregnancy itself is not a reason to stop driving.
Our understanding of exercise in pregnancy + postpartum has come a long way in the recent years, and we are much more likely to treat the “normal” pregnancy as a normal physiological process – not a disability.
Exercise in the postpartum period is helpful to regain your shape, increase your energy levels, lift your mood and give you the strength required for your new job of mothering.
Your new role will involve a lot of lifting, carrying, pushing, getting up from chairs and the floor, and holding for feeding.
After the birth of your baby there is a period of healing and physical adjustment from the effects of pregnancy as well as from your labour or delivery.
During pregnancy, there is increased pressure on the pelvic floor from your growing baby, placenta and extra fluid.